GALBANUM

GALBANUM (Heb. חֶלְבְּנָה, ḥelbenah), a gum resin mentioned among the ingredients of the incense in the Tabernacle (Ex. 30:34) and by Ben Sira as a spice (Gr. χαλβάνη). It was included in a baraita (Ker. 6a), dating from Second Temple times, among the constituents of the incense used in the Temple. The Gemara (Ker. 6b) states that it was an ingredient of incense despite its offensive smell, thus demonstrating that a malodorous substance, when mixed with fragrant spices, also contributes to the general pleasant odor, thereby symbolizing that sinners of Israel are an integral part of its society. Greek and Roman natural and medical writers, referring to the medicinal qualities of galbanum, praise the spices imported from Syria (Pliny, Historia Naturalis, 12:25; Dioscorides, De Materia Medica, 3:87). In Israel six species of galbanum grow wild, but their resin is not used for any known purpose. A substance called umbelliferone, employed as a remedy for convulsions, is extracted from two species of galbanum, from Ferula galbaniflua which grows in Syria and Ferulaschair which grows in Turkestan. These plants are of the Umbelliferae family whose stems contain a milk-like resin congealing on contact with air. It is also used in the lacquer industry. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 3 (1924), 455–7; J. Feliks, Olam ha-Ẓome'aḥ ha-Mikra'i (19682), 276–7. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • galbanum — ⇒GALBANUM, subst. masc. Substance végétale proche de la gomme et de la résine, à odeur balsamique, extraite de deux variétés d ombellifères. Ils [les Pharisiens] frissonnèrent quand on les aspergea de galbanum et d encens, composition réservée… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Galbanum — is an aromatic gum resin, the product of certain Persian plant species, chiefly Ferula gummosa , syn. galbaniflua and Ferula rubricaulis . Galbanum yielding plants grow plentifully on the slopes of the mountain ranges of northern Iran. It occurs… …   Wikipedia

  • Galbanum — (Gummi Galb., Mutterharz, Pharm.), Gummiharz einiger in Syrien, Persien, Arabien u. Äthiopien einheimischen, aber noch nicht näher bekannten Pflanzen (Galbanum officinale, Don., Bubon Galbanum, B. gummiferum, Ferula Ferulago, F. galbanifera u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • galbanum — GALBANUM. s. m. Espece de drogue. On dit, Donner du Galbanum, pour dire, Donner à quelqu un des esperances qui n aboutissent à rien, l amuser de promesses inutiles, Il m a donné du Galbanum. Il est populaire …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Galbanum — od. Mutterharz, äußerlich als Galban Pflaster, zertheilend und die Eiterung befördernd, innerlich reizend auf die Organe der Brust und des Unterleibes wirkend, ist der an der Luft erhärtete schleimharzige Saft einer bis jetzt noch nicht genau… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • GALBANUM — in Syriae monte Amano nascitur e ferula, quam eiusdem nominis resinae modo stagonitin appellant. Quod maxime laudant, cartilaginosum, purum, ad similitudinem Hammoniaci, minimeque lignosum sic quoque adulteratur fabâ aut sagapeno. Sincerumsi… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Galbănum [1] — Galbănum (röm. Ant.), grasgrüne, weibliche Kleidung …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Galbănum [2] — Galbănum (G. Don.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Umbelliferae Silerinae, 5. Kl. 1. Ordn. L.; Art: G. officinale, in Persien heimisch, Mutterpflanze des Galbanumharzes …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Galbănum — (Galbanharz, Mutterharz), Gummiharz, der erhärtete Milchsaft von Ferula galbaniflua, vielleicht auch von einigen andern Ferula Arten (Umbelliferen) in Persien, der am Stengel und an der Basis der Blätter freiwillig austritt und erstarrt. Die Ware …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Galbanum — Galbănum, Mutterharz, Gummiharz von mehrern Arten Ferula (s.d.) in Persien und am Aralsee, in der Medizin und zu Kitten verwendet …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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